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Facts

Area:
50,362 Sq. KiloMeter (Punjab is 1.54% of nations geographical area). Forest area is 3054 Sq. KM.
Geography:
Punjab is located in northwestern India. It extends from the latitudes 29.30° North to 32.32° North and longitudes 73.55° East to 76.50° East. It is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the northeast by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan.
Capital:
Chandigarh (Population: 9.5 Lac)
Population:
243.59 Lac(as per Year 2001 Stats)
Rural:160.96 Lac
Urban:82.63 Lac
Density(per Sq. KM): 484
Language:
Punjabi & Hindi (A lot of people knows English and Urdu as well)
Currency:
Rupee (100 Paise equals 1 Rupee)
State Animal:
Black Buck
State Bird:
Eastern Goshawk
State Tree:
ਸ਼ੀਸ਼ਮ
Environment:
Three main climates in the state:
  • Summer (April - June) - Temp. reaches upto 48° C
  • Rainy (July - September) - Avg. anual rain in semi-hilly areas 96 CM and in plane areas 46 CM
  • Winter (October - March) - Min. Temp. 0° C
  • Administrative Structure:
  • Divisions: 4
  • Districts: 20
  • Sub-Divisions/Tehsil: 76
  • Sub-Tehsil: 77
  • Blocks: 141
  • Villages: 12278
  • Towns: 143
  • Cities: 14
  • Educational Institutions:
  • Universities: 6
  • Colleges: 232
  • High/Sr. Sec. Schools: 4043
  • Middle/Elementary Schools: 2481
  • Primary Schools: 13291
  • Misc:
  • Post-Office: 3952
  • Police Stations: 456
  • Punjab Legislative Assembly Seats: 117
  • Lok Sabha Seats (Punjab): 13
  • Raj Sabha Seats (Punjab): 7


  • *All facts based on Punjab Govt. 2001 & 2005-06 statistics.


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